Sunday, March 27, 2011

The Great Depression & FDR's "New Deal"


The date for the AP US History exam is fast approaching, and a LOT of topics that could be seen on the test are about to become more familiar to all of you, starting with the Great Depression and the New Deal of the 1930s.

Something that you will all want to do as soon as possible is bring a memory stick to class so that you can watch United Streaming's "America in the 20th Century: The Great Depression." This is a great half-hour-long summary of the 1930s in the United States; I will also allow you to use some practice materials to become more proficient in your knowledge of this formative era in American history, which may also be saved to your memory sticks.

You will also want to visit my McKeel Academy webpage and save the Guidebooks for Chapters 32-33. These are important to study for these two chapters. I expect these to be finished by Friday, April 1st, including essay questions.

You will also need to read Ch. 15 in Zinn's "A People's History of the United States." On Mon., 3/28, I will assign you the usual questions in class (make sure you get it from me!), but this week, you will go the extra mile: there is also a Zinn Ch. 15 study guide on my McKeel Academy webpage. Complete this document as well and email it to me (due dates to follow).

This week, we will be using a new resource to study the Great Depression. It is a multimedia unit of study that can be found at:

You will select Chapter 20 from the Table of Contents. You are required to view Lessons 59 & 60 ("Causes & Consequences of the Great Depression" and "The New Deal"), including all readings, presentations, and anything under the "Explore" tab for each lesson. In addition, under the "Assignments" tab in the Table of Contents for Chapter 20, be familiar with all key terms, complete the map activity on the Dust Bowl, answer the DBQ ("Analyze the responses of FDR's administration to the problems of the Great Depression. How effective were these responses, and how did they change the role of the federal government?"), and complete the writing assignment.

Now, for due dates. Obviously, you already have the "Florida Terror" and "Scopes Monkey Trial" assignments due on Tues., 3/29. Here are this week's assignments due dates:

-Tues., 3/29: "Florida Terror" & "Scopes Monkey Trial"
-Wed., 3/30: Key Terms from the Monterey Institute's online unit & the map activity
Thurs., 3/31: Zinn Ch. 15 Study Guide & questions (#1-#27), Monterey Institute writing assignment ("Rank the causes of the Great Depression, and then write a 300-word essay on the following: identify three points at which intervention by the federal government could have slowed or perhaps even stopped the Depression.")
Fri., 4/1: Have "American Pageant" Guidebooks for Chapters 32-33 completed.
Mon., 4/4: DBQ about the New Deal (this is the ACTUAL AP Exam DBQ from the 2003 exam!)

Now, a few of you have been asking about extra-credit. Here is your opportunity:

1.) For fifteen extra points, post your response to this question on this blog by Fri., 4/1: "How did the philosophy of government change in America during the 1930s as a result of FDR's New Deal?" This should be at least 200 words, and you should use specific examples from this week's learning.

2.) For ten extra points, complete the "Great Depression" flm's video quiz true-false & multiple-choice questions. Correctness will count! For five extra points each, complete the other assignments included in the .pdf file. This can be turned in on Mon., 4/4.

As always, no extra-credit will be accepted from any student that does not turn in ALL required assignments.


annette said...

Before the 1930's, the American government never did much to help out average citizens. When the railroad industry was big they gave financial support, when factory workers were in danger they sided with the owners, when workers spoke out for change in the 20's they were deported! Until the States hit rock bottom, the government couldn't have cared less. Just after President Hoover was elected, the stock market crashed on a day known as 'black tuesday'. Hoover assured the people that the economy would recover on its own, and there was no need for the federal government to step in. But, when the people saw no results years later, they demanded help. And, luckily, they had a new president who was there to help. President Franklin D. Roosevelt promoted a series of organizations and bills to help the common worker. He called them 'The New Deal'. Some changes you'd recognize include: the addition of social security to our nations budget, the requirement for most employers to pay a minimum wage at least, and the end to much child labour. Our country eventually recovered from this great depression with the help of the 'New Deal'. But, more than just the obvious changed during this time. The philosophy of our government was now more focussed on helping the little people. And, since then, people have been recieving much financial help from the government.

Tyler Rench said...

Prior to the inauguration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the establishment of his New Deal polices there was a lot of alien government philosophies developing during the 1920’s. Two major philosophies that were born from the Roaring Twenties and they were Communism and Socialism. With the rise of Communism and Socialism, the U.S government panicked and even resorted to the deportation of American citizens who publically supported any radical philosophies that were considered threats to the government.
But once the Great Depression started, people seemed to throw away their rebellious theories because the ideas of government redevelopment were irrelevant to citizens who needed to be more concerned about staying alive and finding jobs, food, and ways to somehow get a foot hole in the spiraling economic crisis. For many years, the government had been slowly getting sicker and with Republicans controlling the Presidency and Congress –whose idea was leave the situation alone and it will adjust itself with time- it did not help at all with the ominous cloud of the Depression hanging over the nation.
The Depression “officially” started with President Hoover, but his Republican practices quickly diminished any chance of another Republican President, and ended with the glorified Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Within the first hundred days of FDR’s first term, he passed a dramatic amount of legislation to help the people of the United States. Because of the beneficial acts passed to help the people suffering through the Depression, it created controversy about what exactly constitutes as helping the poor. Citizens began saying that if the government kept giving hand-outs such as Social Security, then people would just adapt to being lazy and living off the money from the tax payers. Another argument that was brought up was the fact that the New Deal programs did not work the way that people thought they would, they only helped the rich and maybe what was left-over may trickle down to the people who were really suffering. So overall the philosophies involving the government went from being based on how the government structure is starting to fail to how the government is being unfair in spreading the “wealth” during the Great Depression.